current time and date
currency: Swedish krona (SEK)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Sweden profile
strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas
Sweden history
A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.
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Conventional long form: Kingdom of Sweden

Conventional short form: Sweden

Local long form: Konungariket Sverige

Local short form: Sverige
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Sweden's capital city is Stockholm
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Sweden Constitution:

1 January 1975
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Sweden population growth rate: 0.18%
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Sweden highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m
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Sweden lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.4 m
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About 6% of Sweden's land is arable.
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Göta älv-Klarälven River is the Longest River in Sweden
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Sweden birth rate is 10 births/1,000 population
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Sweden infant mortality rate is 3 deaths/1,000 live births
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Sweden fertility rate is 1.67 children born/woman
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Sweden climate:

temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers;

subarctic in north
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Top 10 cities of Sweden with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Stockholm: 1,372,565
2. Gothenburg: 549,839
3. Malmö: 280,415
4. Uppsala: 140,454
5. Västerås: 110,877
6. Örebro: 107,038
7. Linköping: 104,232
8. Helsingborg: 97,122
9. Jönköping: 89,396
10. Norrköping: 87,247
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Sweden ethnic groups:

indigenous population:
Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities;

foreign-born or first-generation immigrants:
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Sweden Exports:

machinery 35%
motor vehicles
paper products
pulp and wood
iron and steel products
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Sweden Imports:

petroleum and petroleum products
motor vehicles
iron and steel
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unicameral Parliament or Riksdag (349 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
21 counties (lan, singular and plural):
1. Blekinge
2. Dalarna
3. Gavleborg
4. Gotland
5. Halland
6. Jamtland
7. Jonkoping
8. Kalmar
9. Kronoberg
10. Norrbotten
11. Orebro
12. Ostergotland
13. Skane
14. Sodermanland
15. Stockholm
16. Uppsala
17. Varmland
18. Vasterbotten
19. Vasternorrland
20. Vastmanland
21. Vastra Gotaland
Political parties and leaders:
Center Party (Centerpartiet) (C) - Annie LOOF

Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) (KD) - Goran HAGGLUND

Green Party (Miljopartiet de Grona) - spokespersons Asa ROMSON and Gustav FRIDOLIN

Left Party (Vansterpartiet) (formerly Communist Party) (V) - Jonas SJOSTEDT

Liberal People's Party (Folkpartiet) (FP) - Jan BJORKLUND

Moderate Party (Moderaterna) - Fredrik REINFELDT

Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokraterna) (SAP) - Stefan LOFVEN

Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) (SD) - Jimmie AKESSON